Gastric Bypass. Ever you heard about gastric bypass surgery to lose weight? Commonly referred to as bariatric surgery, this surgical procedure is performed by manipulating the digestive organs to lose weight significantly. One of the methods used in bariatric surgery is gastric bypass. Is this method effective compared to other methods?
Also known as gastric bypass, this surgical procedure is quite common around the world. Obese people who need help are usually recommended bypass surgery, although not entirely. To find out more about the procedure and benefits of gastric bypass, see the explanation below.
Understanding Gastric Bypass
Gastric bypass, or gastric bypass, known in the medical world as Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, is a bariatric surgical procedure that involves creating a special pathway between the stomach and the small intestine. Although complex, this method offers a fairly high percentage of success for losing weight, ranging from 60 to 80 percent.
There are two components in gastric bypass or gastric bypass, namely making the stomach pouch by cutting the upper stomach. The next component is cutting the small intestine to be connected to the stomach pouch made previously. In other words, this procedure narrows the size of the stomach.
With the smaller stomach size, the food capacity that can be accommodated is getting smaller. This is what makes you full faster, even though you only eat a little food. This procedure also affects the production of digestive hormones because it can suppress your appetite, so you don’t have the urge to snack or eat continuously.
Even though it offers promising results, this does not mean that this surgical method is not without risks. Several risks may arise from the operation carried out, including:
- Injuries to the stomach and intestines as a result of surgery.
- Scar tissue that develops in the stomach can cause blockage to the intestine.
- The artificial bag in the stomach can leak.
- Nutritional deficiencies because the nutrients that are absorbed into the body are minimal.
- Vomiting is caused by not enough room to accommodate all the food consumed.
Why Choose Gastric Bypass?
Despite the various risks that may arise from surgery, it is undeniable that gastric bypass remains the most common procedure performed worldwide. This is inseparable from the various advantages offered. If you are planning to have gastric bypass surgery, here are the benefits and advantages that you can get:
High success rate
Compared to other bariatric surgical methods, gastric bypass has a relatively high percentage of success. This procedure offers a 60 to 80 percent weight loss. This amount is certainly very significant and beneficial for those who have to reduce large amounts of weight to avoid various chronic disease risks.
Reducing the amount of food intake
Gastric bypass or gastric bypass is also useful for reducing food intake that enters the stomach. Because it involves manipulating the size of the stomach, the small stomach pouch holds less food. Thus, you will feel full quickly, even if you only eat small amounts of food.
Greater energy expenditure
The gastric bypass surgery procedure can put the body in a condition where energy expenditure is greater. This is useful for reducing weight effectively. The greater the energy expended, the greater the number of calories burned into energy. Thus, the accumulation of fat is reduced.
This obesity surgery can also affect hormones in the intestines. Surgical procedures cause hormonal changes that can reduce appetite. You also feel full for a longer time. This method is beneficial for limiting the amount of food intake that significantly reduces body weight.
Post-bariatric surgery diet
Having bypass surgery does not mean that you will lose weight permanently. Without a healthy lifestyle followed by a regular diet, your body may return to normal. Therefore, you need to control the portion of your meal and keep doing sports after surgery.
Regarding the diet that can be done after undergoing bariatric surgery, there are specific guidelines that need to be considered to maximize the operation results. Following the recommended dietary procedures will also help you maintain your weight, so you don’t regain obesity.
Here are some dietary guidelines for post-bariatric surgery:
Choice of food
For weight loss to remain stable, but the body’s nutrition is met, you need to pay attention to food choices for consumption. Eat a balanced diet but in small portions. Choose low in calories, low in fat, and low in sugar so that you don’t gain the weight back. Make sure you are getting enough protein every day.
How to eat
To avoid consuming too much food, you can chew it slowly with small bites. This gives a feeling of fullness faster, but the amount of food that enters is only small. Also, do not use a straw when drinking, as this will fill the stomach bag with air, causing discomfort.
Number of calories
Watch your daily calorie intake. For the first one to two months postoperatively, your calorie intake should be between 300 and 600 calories per day. After exceeding two months, the number of calories should not exceed 1000 calories per day.