Sunburned skin, commonly known as sunburn, is a condition caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays. As a result, the skin is damaged. Starting from redness, swelling, and feels increased.
Please note that repeated exposure to the sun can be a risk factor for skin cancer in some cases.
Recognize the symptoms of sunburn
Parts of the body that are prone to sunburn include frequently exposed areas. For example, the scalp, earlobe, lips, eyes, and even closed body areas can get sunburned.
For example, when you wear thin, loose clothing that allows UV rays to enter, sunburn symptoms can vary from person to person. In general, some of the signs can be:
- Reddish skin.
- Skin feels warm or hot to the touch.
- Pain and itching.
- Fluid-filled skin blisters.
- Headache, fever, nausea, and even fainting. This sunburn symptom occurs when the sunburn is severe enough.
You may not see signs of redness on the skin immediately after the burn. What is the reason? It can take several hours for the redness to start feeling.
Peak redness accompanied by pain will occur within 12 to 24 hours. Sunburn or sunburn then continues to develop within 24 to 72 hours and is often followed by exfoliation within 3 to 8 days.
The skin peeling and the itching can continue for the next several weeks.
How to deal with sunburned skin
When you get sunburned, you shouldn’t panic. The key, you have to treat it as soon as possible.
Here are some ways to deal with a sunburn that you can easily do:
1. Apply a cold compress
Sunburn or sunburn is an inflammation of the skin. One way to deal with sunburn easily is to cool the sunburned area. You can compress sunburned skin with a towel soaked in ice water.
Or you can also use ice cubes that have been wrapped in a towel or cloth. But remember, don’t put ice cubes directly on your skin. The way to deal with sunburn is with a cold compress Cooling the skin area is the primary way to deal with sunburn.
Alternatively, you can take a cold shower. However, avoid using harsh chemical soap products to prevent skin irritation from getting worse. If you are near a swimming pool or sea, immediately cool your body by soaking your body for a few seconds. You can then use a cloth to cover your body from the sun and take shelter in a more shaded place.
2. Drink lots of water
When you experience a sunburn, fluids in the body will be attracted to the skin’s surface and eventually evaporate. This condition can lead to a lack of fluids or dehydration.
You can treat and prevent dehydration by keeping your body hydrated. For example, drink lots of water. Apart from plain water, you can also replace lost electrolytes by consuming other types of drinks, especially sports drinks.
3. Apply aloe vera
One way to deal with sunburn is by applying aloe vera. Apply aloe vera to the sunburned area. Using aloe vera can also be an option to deal with burns caused by sunburn immediately. The best way is to apply fresh aloe vera gel directly from the plant to the sunburned area.
However, if the aloe vera plant is not available, you can apply a gel product made from pure aloe vera. Make sure the aloe content is as high as possible, yes.
4. Use a moisturizing cream
To prevent peeling skin caused by sunburn, you can regularly apply moisturizer to the sunburned area. However, avoid treating sunburn with products containing certain active ingredients benzocaine. The reason is, this active ingredient can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions.
5. Apply a hydrocortisone cream
You can also apply hydrocortisone cream on sunburned skin. Apply hydrocortisone cream to your skin to reduce pain. If any areas of your skin are sore, you can apply hydrocortisone cream to your sunburned skin. You can buy this cream using a doctor’s prescription at the nearest pharmacy.
6. Do not pop the blister
If sunburn or sunburn causes blisters, never pick or break the blister. This can slow down the healing process and increase the risk of infection. If you accidentally break the blister, you can clean the area with clean water and mild soap. After that, dry the wound slowly.
After the damage is dry, you can apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover it with a bandage. Make sure you use a nonstick application so that it is easy to remove later. If you experience a rash in the burn area after using these topical antibiotics, this cream may not be suitable for your skin. Therefore, you should stop using it and consult a doctor immediately.
7. Consumption of NSAIDs
Taking pain relievers can also help deal with sunburned skin. Taking NSAIDs can relieve pain after sunburn NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that can reduce inflammation, swelling, and pain. Ibuprofen and naproxen are examples.
These pain relievers will be more effective if taken shortly after sunburn or sunburn occurs. Taking NSAIDs can help with discomfort and inflammation caused by sunburn.
8. Apply a moisturizer to the peeling skin
Within a few days, the skin on the burnt area from the sunburn will begin to peel off so that the damaged skin tissue can be removed. When the peeling starts to occur, you should still apply moisturizer to the sunburn marks.
If your sunburned skin is accompanied by other symptoms such as high fever, swelling, extreme pain, headache, nausea, and skin oozing pus, you should immediately consult a dermatologist. The doctor will assist you in determining the sunburn treatment according to its severity. Get well soon!