Kidneys are the two natural filters of your body. The pair of kidneys is located near your spine. Their function is to filter the blood and to flush out the chemicals and toxins that can be dangerous for your health.
In the world of medicine, when the kidneys are unable to filter blood properly, it is called kidney failure, and then kidneys are unable to perform their function. The toxins will accumulate in your body and they will disrupt the normal functioning of the body, eventually, this can result in death.
What can cause kidney failure?
The main reason due to which kidney failure can happen is due to the decrease in the supply of blood to them. The blood flow can decrease because of so many reasons such as allergic reaction, heart attack, dehydration, infection and liver failure. Kidney failure can happen because of the blockade in urine passageways. The blockade can be because of different types of cancer such as colon, cervical and bladder cancers. There are many other reasons such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones, blood clots, stones, heart attack, inflammation of blood vessels of kidneys.
Five types of kidney failures
Kidney failure can be caused because of some reaction to medicines or it can be caused by cancer of the plasma cells in your bone marrow. Here are five types of kidney failures.
1. Long-Lasting Kidney Failure
This is the type of kidney failure in which the urinary path is blocked, which increases the pressure on kidneys and eventually they collapse.
2. Chronic Inherent Kidney Failure
The shortage of oxygen and loss of blood because of any inherent disease or due to the presence of any toxic chemical, kidneys can be damaged and eventually they will fail to function.
3. Chronic recurrent Kidney Failure
When the flow of blood to kidneys is interrupted permanently it will result in kidney failure.
4. The presence of Toxins can result in Kidney Failure
Sometimes the decrease in the flow of blood to kidneys will alter their capacity to filter out the toxins. If this will continue for a long period of time it can result in kidney failure.
5. Kidney failure because of trauma
The kidney can stop working because of any shock, accident or when the blood vessels are clogged.
Symptoms of Kidney Failure
Kidney failure can be detected by experiencing the following symptoms:
- excessive fatigue
- breathing problem
- reduced amount of urine
- swelling in lungs and ankles
- pain and pressure in the chest and even someone can go to the comma state.
How to diagnose kidney failure
Kidney failure can be detected with the help of different medical tests. Here are some of the test you should take to see if you have kidney failure.
- The urine can be examined to check the exact amounts of red and white blood cells and also to check the presence of bacteria.
- The volume of urine can be measured as well. The decrease in the quantity of the urine can be an important indicator towards kidney failure.
- Blood samples can be examined to check the presence of blood urea nitrogen and creatinine. If their presence is in abnormal quantity it can indicate the kidney failure as well.
- MRI, CT scan, and ultrasounds can also be used to know about the blockage in the urinary tract.
- The most difficult and authentic test is the biopsy. In which tissue is collected from the kidney by inserting the needle through the skin. This tissue is examined further to understand about the present condition of kidneys.
Kidney failure can be treated in two ways
- Kidney failure can be cured by a kidney transplant. This is a long and hectic procedure in which kidney is obtained from a donor by cross matching. There are chances that the operation can be a failure and sometimes the immunosuppressive drugs that are supposed to be consumed after the operation, may have some life threatening side-effects.
- Kidney’s function can be extended with the help of dialysis. In which the dialysis machine is used to filter the blood. This process can increase the survival rate of kidney failure patient but it’s not the ultimate cure.
How to prevent kidney failure
Kidney failure can be avoided by avoiding exposure to different poisonous chemicals that can be found in common medicines such aspirin, in insecticides and you should limit your exposure to tobacco. The long exposures to these chemicals increase the level of toxins in the blood stream and eventually they result in kidney failure.